The utilisation of the structure and properties of nanoparticles is a revolutionary and state-of-the-art technology that can be applied in a wide array of fields and human activities.
The term 'nanotechnology' generally refers to a technical field that explores the creation and use of nanometric technologies (usually approx. 1-100 nm), i.e. 10-9 m (a trillionth of meter), which equals about one thousandth of a human hair width.
Nanotechnology currently includes four principal areas: nanoelectronics, nanomaterials, molecular nanotechnology and microscopes with nanometer resolution.
Nanotechnology is basically a science of nanometer-sized materials.
(nanostructured materials) include those materials the new properties of which are defined by characteristic features (particles, clusters, hollows) measuring, at least in two dimensions, between 1 and 100 nm.
- Displays made of organic light emitting diodes (OLED)
- Thin photovoltaic layers transforming light radiation into electricity
- Scratch-resistant coatings with self-cleaning capability
- Dirt-resistant textiles with temperature regulation capability
- Intelligent garments able to monitor the pulse and breath
- Lightweight and sturdy tube frames
- Hip replacements made of biocompatible materials
- Thermochromic glass with solar control capability
- Anticorrosion coatings containing nanoparticles
- Magnetic layers for memory media
- Fuel cells using carbon nanotubes
- Cochlear implants
- Semiconductor chips and microelectronic applications
- Catalysis of chemical processes (Au-based analysis)
- Ceramics, light alloys, metal oxides and other metal compounds, ferrites, magnets
- Covers, paints, pigments, plastics, filling agents, food packaging, surface waterproofing applications
- Polymeric composite materials with enhanced mechanical properties (antibacterial plastics, antibacterial footwear)
- Transparent composite materials, UV filters with TiO2, ZnO
- Combustion chambers, gas sensors, battery electrodes
- Tips for scanning probe microscopes
- Cleaning of enzymes and pharmaceuticals
- Medical applications, contrast substances, hyperthermia, targeted tumour therapy, blood detoxification
- Environmental applications - water treatment
- Sensorics and safety applications - pressure and thermal sensors in construction materials
- Electronics - high-capacity recording media
- Photographic materials, photocells, fuel cells, high-capacity batteries
- Automotive industry - airbag propellants, super hard scratch-resistant varnishes
- Construction industry - new generation insulation materials, self-cleaning exterior paints
- Space industry - catalytic converters, resistant surfaces of satellites